Friday, May 22, 2020
The Difference Principle Every citizen aspires to obtain a just society in which to live. Some political philosophers hold differing opinions as how to reach this just society. One of the more widely accepted approaches is John Rawls Difference Principle. To achieve a just society, Rawls believes in two principles. The first principle states that each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others. The second principle is that social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both a)reasonably expected to be to everyones advantage, and b) attached to positions and offices open to all (Rawls, 60). Within Rawls second principle of justiceÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The worst possible outcome in this case would be earning no money at all. The third possibility would be based on the Difference Principle. This economy has regulated capitalism and protects the worst off. For instance, with unequal wages, some people will be earning a great deal more than others. The least advantaged will receive $20,000 dollars no matter what. So we see here, that with the Difference Principle, we still maintain the societys justice while in the same note raising the least advantaged citizens standard of living. Therefore, not only is it a just society, but all members benefit from the unequal distribution of wealth. With this rise in income, citizens can afford more than the bare necessities. They will develop a greater capacity to save and will increase their economic growth over time. These being the facts, all members of society will eventually choose the difference principle on their own. Rawls states, Social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged, consistent with the just savings principle. The question now is what determines the least advantaged in a society? Rawls seems to consider them as members of the lower social class or those who have an income lower than the societysShow MoreRelatedPrinciples Of Rawls Difference Principles770 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRawls difference principle was based on the citizens and their highest positions and interest. Rawls also said Ã¢â¬Å"The first point to the ability is to propose and act on principle of justice which all can be acceptedÃ¢â¬ . The second point was to the ability to hold, revise, and pursue a conception of the goods. As Rawls argues that Ã¢â¬Å"people should worry about protecting and work on their moral powers for equal basic libertiesÃ¢â¬ . The difference principle supports more of the self respect because self respectRead MoreRawls Difference Principle And Its Compatibility With Democratic Equality1921 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesDaisy Duong Professor Quong PHIL 174 23 September 2017 RawlsÃ¢â¬â¢ Difference Principle and its Compatibility with Democratic Equality Introduction With a limited availability of wealth and resources, all societies are posed with a common dilemma: how ought these goods be distributed among members of the community in a way that is just? In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls, an influential political philosopher of the 20th century, attempts to provide a solution to this dilemma by presenting a hypotheticalRead MoreNozick s Version Of Libertarianism1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstatement is focus more of the earnings of people. Having a state that has an uncontrolled power over the distribution of one s wealth can result in a structure that allows others to benefit off the hard work of another. The three principles in Nozick s theory are the principle of justice in acquisitions. This theory is focused on the how things are acquired and what they are turned into after which the founder now has ownership since he acquired something that was not previously owned by anyone andRead MoreRawls Maximin Principle1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMax imin Principle: Is It Really The Most Rational Solution? Political philosophy aims to reflect the normative and conceptual dimensions of political life. American philosopher John Rawls is widely recognized as one of the leading political philosophers of the twentieth century. His A Theory of Justice (1971) is one of the primary texts in political philosophy and proposes two principles of justice. The first, the liberty principle, defines basic liberties and the second, the difference principleRead MoreAnalyzing Rawls Second Principle of Justice1752 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Rawlss Second Principle of Justice Name Institutional Affiliation Date: Rawlss Second Principle of Justice A principle of justice is the most crucial thought written about in past decades. This theory is not exclusively meant for philosophers; it is also beneficial to people engaged in public policy practice, political scientists, judges and lawyers. The text on Rawlss second principle of justice is a necessary tool in understanding political thoughts. As much as the text is complicatedRead MoreFood Stamp Cuts: Justified or Unjustified? Essay619 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesremains a question. There are two principles that may be used to represent each side of this debate. The difference principle will be used to represent those who believe the program cuts were unjustified and the harm principle will be used to represent those who believe the program cuts were justified. Those who are against the cuts to the Food Stamp Program can argue that under the difference principle, Congress was wrong to reduce funding. The difference principle, created by John Rawls, states thatRead MoreSimilarities Between Ifrs And International Financial Reporting Standards Essay813 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn this research project, we will be comparing the similarities and differences between IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) and GAAP(Generally Accepted Accounting Principles), specifically in the cash flow statement, and we will be using Apple vs SamsungÃ¢â¬â¢s financial statement and stock price to compare the similarities and differences between IFRS and GAAP. 2. Motivation(Vicki) Today, with increasing globalization in the business world, many investors are looking for opportunitiesRead MoreThe And Public Health Policies1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages For years, it has been assumed by the vast majority of health care experts that everyone knows the guiding principle of ethics in healthcare. Everyone agrees that this guiding principle has the solid endorsement of the majority of the population. These presumptions are accepted with almost no contention or debate. In Justice in Medicine and Public Health, Rosamund Rhodes argues that Ã¢â¬Å"no single conception of justice explains the array of broadly endorsed medical and public health policies.Ã¢â¬ ThisRead More A Theory of Justice Presented by John Rawls Essays1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesposition, a hypothetical state where people reason without bias, they would agree to live in a society based on two principles of justice (Rawls 1971, 4). These two principles of justice are named the first and second princip les. The first is the equal rights and liberties principle. The second is a combination of the difference principle and the fair equality of opportunity principle, or FEOP (Rawls 1971, 53). Rawls argues that inequality will always be inevitable in any society (Rawls 1971, 7). ForRead MoreJohn Rawls : A Theory Of Justice Essay1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesadvantaged or dis advantaged in the choice of principles by the outcome of natural chance or the contingency of social circumstances. The original position is the appropriate initial status quo in which the agreements reached inside the original position MUST be fair. The key word in the previously stated sentence is fair and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s where the veil of ignorance comes in. For example, if a man knew he was wealthy, he might find it rational to advance the principle that various taxes for welfare measures
Thursday, May 7, 2020
How To Get a 4+ in AWA What is AWA? Analytical Writing Analysis is the first part of your GRE. As soon as you start your GRE exam, this is the first thing which you have attempt. So, this is essentially your section-1 of GRE exam which has a duration of 1 hour. What does AWA test you on? The Analytical Writing Analysis aims at judging your analytical skills which you present through your writing. It tests whether youÃ¢â¬â¢re thinking abilities are developed enough to critically analyze an argument, rationally support your point of view and coherently present your ideas. The Analytical Writing measure tests your critical thinking and analytical writing skills. It assesses your ability to articulate and support complex ideas, construct andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The two tasks are complementary in that one requires you to construct your own argument by taking a position and providing evidence supporting your views on an issue, and the other requires you to evaluate someone else s argument by assessing its claims and evaluating the evidence it provides. Individuals taking the computer-delivered test will use a basic word processor developed by ETS. The basic word processor contains the following functionalities: insert text, delete text, cut-and-paste and undo the previous action. Tools such as a spell checker and grammar checker are not available in the ETS software, largely to maintain fairness with those examinees who must handwrite their essays at paper-delivered administrations. How do you prepare for AWA: Everyone Ã¢â¬â even the most practiced and confident of writers Ã¢â¬â should spend some time preparing for the Analytical Writing measure before arriving at the test center. It is important to understand the skills measured and how the tasks are scored. It is also useful to review the scoring guides, sample topics, scored sample essay responses and reader commentary for each task. The tasks in the Analytical Writing measure relate to a broad range of subjects Ã¢â¬â from the fine arts and humanities to the social and physical sciences Ã¢â¬â but no task requires knowledge of specific content. In fact, each task has been tested by actual GREÃ ®
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Inspirational leaders hold great talents of motivating and inspiring people. They also help make a difference in lives and help others achieve their goals and dreams. Inspirational leaders tend not to lead through fear and like the famous words of Ghandi Ã¢â¬â help you Ã¢â¬Å"Be the change you wish to seeÃ¢â¬ . We will write a custom essay sample on Inspirational Leader Laurie Ann Gibson or any similar topic only for you Order Now Last television season, I watched a show called Born to Dance. This show was about 20 aspiring young dancers given the tools needed to take their dance careers to the next level with a prize of $50,000. What appealed about this show were the strong feelings a chorographer demonstrated that entitled her to be an inspirational leader. Her name is Laurie Ann Gibson and I portray her as an Inspirational Leader. Laurie Ann Gibson was an average girl who was born July 14, 1969 in Toronto, Canada. She grew up looking up to famous icons like Diana Ross and Gregory Hines and had a strong love for dance. At the age of 17 she took a greyhound bus to NYC, NY where she attended school to train at the prestigious Alvin Ailey. Her opportunities started to emerge in 1993 when she landed a gig as a Fly Girl on In Living Color with Jennifer Lopez, and soon after went on tour as a dancer with Mary J. Blige. At an early age, her talent must have been evident, as she was asked to choreograph for the then rising star Mary J and continued to do so for albums and tours to come. She is also known for her work on MTVÃ¢â¬â¢s Making the Band series, helped direct a movie called Ã¢â¬Å"HoneyÃ¢â¬ which was based on her life and won a VMA 2010 Best Choreographer award (Interview, 2011). Little did she know, at the age of 17 she would become one of the top admired Dance Choreographers known today. Her professional title is Choreographer and Creative Director to many of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s superstars , with over three-dozen music videos and television shows to her name, her credits include some of the biggest names in the music industry such as Nicki Minaj, P. Diddy, Alicia Keys, Brandy, Beyonce, Usher and Hilary Duff, just to name a few. Laurie Ann GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s do-it-all attitude gives her an incredible ability to make a name for herself in the hip-hop world. In August of 2010, she aired Born to Dance which showed her humanitarian beyond just dance. It was very commendable to see the amount of dedication, signature tough love, motivational speeches, encouragements and most of all prayer she poured out to these ladies being most interpret shows like this reality shows. Laurie Ann stood strong on letting everyone know her show as not reality; it was real; real emotion and real performances. When she was younger, she felt that she was one brave soul that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t fully understand by taking her venture by herself and getting on the greyhound bus would change her life. And she wanted to show other young ladies there are others out here, behind them, supporting. Over 8 weeks, I watched 20 ladies go through hard, intense and stressful dance routines in a variety of creative challenges; including music video competitions, commercials and a live performance with Lady Gaga. But 19 had to be cut. Laurie Ann unleashed her hottest choreography and presented lots of tough love but what was truly admiring was how she told each lady at illumination how their individual journeys were just beginning and that this was just a stepping stone for their careers. And foremost, I also loved that she ended each episode in prayer. She was not afraid to let everyone know about her Christianity. This demonstrated how much of an inspiration is she to others, including non-dancers because we all can relate and feel how sincere her actions are (Television Series, 2011). I have several personal strengths but I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t put myself into a leadership role. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve learned a lot about myself throughout the class assessments and I would definitely say my ability to grasp an understanding of my lack of punctuality helps me prepare more timely. Also acknowledging my academic challenges gives me a better outlook on how to overcome my doubtfulness. People like Laurie Ann Gibson have contributed in my inspiration to continue to push forward, achieve and accomplish my goals. Laurie Ann Gibson said that while developing her skill, she noticed she would always teach with the words Ã¢â¬Å"BoomÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"KackÃ¢â¬ with such force, power and drive that she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize she was demonstrating how she felt about dance. The Ã¢â¬Å"boomÃ¢â¬ was her heart and the Ã¢â¬Å"kackÃ¢â¬ is the soul; which gave birth to her dance team name; Boom Kack (Weblog, 2011). Laurie Ann wanted to these 20 ladies to understand how important it was to love what you do by get the technique under their belts first and continue to work your gift so they could stand on solid ground. But most importantly, through her helpful criticism, embodied passion, creativity, and identifying herself with every girl, Laurie Ann Gibson is setting her gift free to others and watching it soar. Ã¢â¬Å"There is hope, God still deliveries miraclesÃ¢â¬ -Laurie Ann Gibson. How to cite Inspirational Leader Laurie Ann Gibson, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Poetry Comparison The Charge Of The Light Brigade and Futility Essay Alfred, Lord Tennyson and Wilfred Owen both write about events during war, but their poems are presented very differently. By using different form, structure and language, The Charge Of The Light Brigade comes across as a very public poem. This compares to Owens private poem Futility. In these poems, the soldiers are presented as brave during battle.Tennysons The Charge Of The Light Brigade is comprised of six verses or stanzas, varying in length from six to twelve lines. Each line has two stressed syllables, called dimeter, and each stressed syllable is followed by two unstressed syllables. This rhythm gives the effect of hoof beats, helping the reader to imagine horses galloping, charging into battle. The use of the falling rhythm, in which the stress beat comes first, and then falls off, shapes the underlying message of the devastating fall of the Light Brigade. The poem is largely effective because of the way it conveys the movement and noise of the charge, through the strong and repetitive falling meter. Half a league, half a league,Half a league onward,This gives the impression of the whole brigade obeying a command to charge rather than concentrating on the individual efforts of a soldier.The rhyme scheme in The Charge Of The Light Brigade varies with each stanza, as does the number of lines. Tennyson occasionally uses the same word and the same rhyme for several consecutive lines. Theirs not to make reply,Theirs not to reason why,Theirs not to do and die:This rhyming triplet shows the use of anaphora which is also used in the next stanza:Cannon to the right of them,Cannon to the left of them,Cannon in front of them.This is a really dramatic phrase, which uses repetition instead of rhyme. Tennyson chooses to use repetition to portray a more vivid picture of the battle, creating an image of the cannons firing from all angles. This triplet gives the impression of the soldiers being bombarded with no means of escape, which increases the admiration of the so ldiers by the reader of the poem.The language in The Charge Of The Light Brigade is vivid and dramatic. Using metaphors such as jaws of death and mouth of hell, Tennyson creates a terrifying image of the six hundred brave soldiers heading for their doom.Stormd at with shot and shell,Boldly they rode and well indicates that the soldiers rodebravely onward despite the fact that they were under fire. Not a single soldier was discouraged or questioned the command to charge forward, even though all the soldiers realised that their commander had made a terrible mistake:Was there a man dismayd?Not tho the soldier knewSome one had blunderd,The role of the soldier was to obey and not to make reply not to reason why. Tennyson uses the question, Was there a man dismayd?Which allows the reader to have an involvement in the poem, increasing its highly public profile.Darren Cave Page 1 5/2/2007Futility by Wilfred Owen is written in the form of a sonnet, in a battlefield in France. A sonnet is usu ally seen as a challenge to write; yet Owen seems able to write one, during a battle. The sonnet is split into two stanzas. The first stanza describes the situation in detail and the second invites the reader to get involved in making a comment. This is a very unusual way of writing a sonnet, as normally there is a rhyme scheme. In Shakespearean sonnets there is also a rhyming couplet in the last two lines. The sonnet has seven lines in each stanza and there is a clear change of thought pattern in the middle. It goes from the poet telling the story in the first stanza to him thinking things over in the second stanza.Owen uses the eye rhyme,Until this morning and this snow.If anything might rouse him nowThis looks as if it will rhyme, but it doesnt, giving an incomplete feeling. There is also a stop after snow, which breaks the eye rhyme apart and now has no pause. The last three lines of each stanza are examples of half rhymes where the middle line is tied to the other two without t he choppy effect that a pure rhyming triplet would have had.Was it for this the clay grew tall?O what made fatuous sunbeams toilTo break earths sleep at all?The second stanza has a link to the Bible. The Garden of Eden is referred to, bringing creation into a piece, which bases itself on the destruction and futility of war. In this stanza there are three rhetorical questions of which Owen is unsure of the answers. This creates a conversational effect and a more personal involvement in the poem. The language used, home and its touch is personal and private, emphasising the quiet, private feeling of events in war. I think that Owen captures this on a personal level as he wrote this poem as a soldier at the battlefront.These two poems are both structurally excellent and each one communicates its purpose well. Tennyson tells us of the bravery and togetherness of the soldiers. It celebrates the readiness of the soldiers as a unit to die for their cause-the emphasis is not on killing. Owe n relates his feelings on the death of one individual soldier who fought bravely and died. Tennyson, who was a highly public poet, wrote this account ten years after the Battle of Balaclava as a memorial to it. The poem is written for presentation, in honour and glory of the noble six hundred. Owen is also successful in communicating, on a personal level, the death of a soldier, in the front line of battle. His poem gives more of a sense of loss then the honour, which Tennyson brings out in his poem.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
A Change to Scared Introduction The rate at which criminal activities happen around the world is alarming. While majority associate these activities with adult men and women, it is surprising to realize the share of the crimes that are committed by children. In most instances, people assume that children are not involved criminal activities.Advertising We will write a custom proposal sample on A Change to Scared-Straight Programs specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is therefore worth noting the depth of SchmallegerÃ¢â¬â¢s report on children and crime. In fact, SchemallegerÃ¢â¬â¢s report of 2008 revealed that about 10% of the 99,794 juvenile arrests were of children of 12 years and below (2011, p. 542). An approximately 17% of all the arrests made in the United States every year comprised juveniles. In addition, juveniles are responsible for about 16% aggressive felony acts and about 26% property crimes in the United States. Since children form less than a third of the population, their percentage involvement in crime is disproportional (542). This argument indicates that the prevalence of criminal activities resulting from juveniles has been assumed in the world. The percentages revealed by such studies like that of Schmalleger are enough to prove that childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s involvement in criminal acts is alarming. In fact, this trend has been increasing over the years especially in the United States. Therefore, the rising trends of criminal acts by children have made it necessary for advocates and law makers to develop ways of reducing incidences of crimes committed by juveniles. They introduced the scared-straight programs as mechanisms of fighting felony acts by children. Whether they are effective or not has been a subject of discussion. As the paper reveals, removing some aspects such as confrontation and maintaining contact and support to the offenders and their families over an extended period can make the programs effectiv e. However, the share that this strategy can have is insignificant in relation to the weight of the cons of the program, which make it ineffective. Sacred-straight Programs are not Effective Scared-straight programs cannot be effective by themselves alone because juvenile crimes continue to rise even after great efforts by the government of the United States to enact legislations to promote it over the years. For instance, in the United States, several acts promoted the establishment of juvenile courts in a bid to separate children in crimes from mature adults. A good example of such a move that has never born any fruits is the Illinois Juvenile Court Act of 1899. This Act initiated a system of juvenile courts in the state of Illinois. Through the same Act, all juveniles in crimes were to be regarded as delinquents. Because of this Act, judges of the juvenile courts were advised to keep focus on the interest of the children in crimes than on their criminal act (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 546). In fact, no juvenile offender would be regarded as a criminal in such courts. Judges were to regard them as delinquents. This strategy is one of the grounds that made scare-straight programs unsuccessful.Advertising Looking for proposal on criminology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The second effort by the program was to eliminate the guilt of crime from the delinquents in a bid to promote reformation. The move made many juvenile criminals feel pampered to continue with their criminal activities even after being taken through the court process. They would never be remorseful about their acts. In 1938, the federal government of the United States passed another law: the Juvenile Court Act. This Act had many attributes and incorporations of the previous Illinois Act (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 547), which was followed by concerted efforts by the federal government to ensure that, within the next eight years, the sta tes in America had established legislations on juvenile offenders and their treatment in courts of law (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 547). However, these efforts were not fruitful. There were certain principals that the juvenile courts were to follow as the guidelines. Such principles included the assumption that the state was the ultimate parent to every child. The state should use non punitive measures to save children since it was worthwhile to do so. Every state was to nurture children and protect them from formal judicial procedureÃ¢â¬â¢s effects by individualizing the process of justice to recognize that every child is different by aspirations, living conditions, and needs. In addition, states were to be guided by the principle of non criminal procedures when adjudicating juvenile cases (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 547). Each state had to consider these factors in handling juvenile cases. All these efforts flopped. In fact, by 1980s, the rate of juvenile crimes rose to a higher scale (Da mmer Albanese, 2011, p. 264: Nissen, 2011, Para. 3: Schembri, n.d, p. 1), which was an indication that the program was not as effective as it was meant to be. In fact, it had worked against the federal and the state judicial systems. These alarming trends in juvenile crimes caused another shift in the way legislators and legal advocate perceived juvenile crimes (264). The legal procedures that followed when dealing with juvenile offenders were to be tightened. It was also clear that the major cause of failure in the first efforts to minimize juvenile crimes failed because it was skewed towards the welfare of the child than the actual crime committed. This strategy would never deter future juvenile offenders. In fact, it promoted a second crime act by many offenders who had gone through the trial system. This issue made policy makers move to becoming tough in a bid to lower juvenile crimes and or to reduce the impact of violence on the juveniles (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 547).Advertisi ng We will write a custom proposal sample on A Change to Scared-Straight Programs specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The major goal of implementing these legal principles was to ensure that all children offenders were rehabilitated using non-punitive measures. The general assumption was that reaching juvenile offenders when they are young enough in their criminal acts would deter their behavior (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 256) upon claiming that denial of reinforcement of behavior culminates in demonization. When behavior is not reinforced, it is likely not to be manifested in the future. Government officials shifted their attention from the legal process to prisons. The federal government focused attention to assist the juvenile offenders to awareness through prison visits. The major focus here was to deter criminals from committing criminal acts before the actual act was committed. The deterrence theory posits that strict det errence of a certain behavior at an early stage may prevent the repetition of such a behavior. In 1979, juvenile awareness programs gained publicity when Scare Straight documentary was aired after winning the Oscar awards (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 257). This documentary emphasized the real meaning of juvenile programs thereby earning both local and international interest from the public. This program achieved between 80% and 90% success in deterring crimes commitment especially in the future dates. For example, in this program, juveniles would be taken to Rahway maximum security prison. Here, the inmates of this prison would narrate to the juveniles some stories of sex abuse, violence, and body abuse that they went through in prison. This strategy would portray life behind bars as unbearable. With such encounters, the juveniles would fear and feel scared about life in prison hence deterring them from committing criminal offences. When other nations learnt about the success of straight scare program in New Jersey, they also adopted the program (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 257). Juveniles would therefore have routine visits to the prison. They would also be allowed to interact and watch what happens in prisons ranging from confrontations and fighting among inmates, life in a locked cell, and meal sessions. The scare-straight program was not successful as proven by reports that came from the program officials (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 258). For example, the reports revealed that the program was a flop since criminal acts committed by juveniles that had gone through the program increased by 30%. Juveniles who went through the full scare-straight program committed new crimes just six months from the date of finishing the program (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 258). Perhaps, the stories narrated to them by the inmates encouraged them to be hardy in their pursuit to perfect their criminal acts. For instance, 40% of the boys in the prog ram committed other criminal offences before the lapse of six months after the training. This was way above 10% crime rate manifested when other programs were used (Harvard Mental Health Letter). It can therefore be argued that straight scare programs are not successful in deterring juveniles from committing crimes.Advertising Looking for proposal on criminology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other programs indicate better results hence they are definitely better. It was also proved through various studies that the Scare straight program was not successful. For instance, the Harvard Medical Health Letter made a move to prove this point by evaluating nine studies in eight states in the United States. This survey took about 25 years. Researchers in this study revisited follow-ups programs, which ranged from three months to two years. The study also revisited the issue of whether the juveniles were later on arrested, ever convicted, or had negative contact with the police since they left the program. According to the analysis of this report, the scare-straight program was not effective. In fact, the report indicated that there was no difference in the life of the juvenile offender. Other reports on scare-straight programs have indicated that the difference that could be realized favored the children who never undergone it. From these researches, a clear contradiction came o ut. For example, the government officials were for the idea that the only effective way to deter a criminal is by imprisonment and to get very tough. Use of scare-straight programs would just make worse the criminal acts rather than deterring them (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 255: Lockwood, Harris, Mengers, 2009, p.1). According to (Petrosino, 2003, p. 13), scare-straight programs enhanced juveniles and inmatesÃ¢â¬â¢ appetite to commit crimes. Criminals believe that they are achievers on the negative side. They believe that they are the best gangsters, rapists, and top in other crimes. To them, that strategy defines how they made their name in their states. Juveniles will therefore learn tactics of committing crimes as the inmates narrate their stories to them. This case portrays the inmates as role models to the upcoming juveniles (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 255). The way the juveniles were treated in the camps also led to the failure of the scare-straight program . In most instances, the juveniles were treated like children: with respect, tenderness, and love, which made them even worse. It is also worth noting that, in most instances that the juveniles had to encounter the inmates, it could only take an hour or a few hours, which limited the amount of time that the juveniles were exposed to the inmates to have a notable impact at the end of the program (Klenowski, Bell, Dodson, 2010, p. 268). According to the meta-analysis, scaredÃ¢â¬âstraight program did not deter crimes: increased them from 60% to 70%. In addition, it is also worth noting that, before a juvenile is classified as a criminal, his or her behavior is at its peak. This argument means that simple acts of deterring it may not work. In the same way, efforts to use the scare-straight method may not help such a person. Opposing Views to Scare-Straight Program According to Kelnowski, Bell, and Dodson, the use of confrontational methods in deterring crimes may not yield positive results (2010, p. 255). In fact, they assert that the societal need to reduce crime by juvenile offenders can only come through the implementation of non-confrontational methods of deterrence. It is quite open now that methods that promote intimidation, confrontation, and fear do not work and have not worked in the past (Petrosino, 2003, p. 13). It is therefore clear that, if there will be a success in tackling the problem of juvenile crimes, it will have to be done through scare-straight programs. The society can also use educational programs, family programs, community-based programs, reentry programs, and youth recreation. These methods are likely to succeed because they offer ongoing oversight to rehabilitate delinquent behavior (Mulvey, 2011, p. 3). Researchers have shown that incarceration of the juvenile offenders does not offer any difference in doing the offence again in the future. Various research studies that follow the juvenile offenders after life in prison indicate th at the rate of committing another crime has been about 66% second arrest and 33% second convictions (Sells, Sullivan, DeVore, 2012, p. 40). Applying scare-straight program facilitates reformation of the offender so that he or she lives a crime-free life to become a respectable citizen (Sells, Sullivan, DeVore, 2012, p. 40) hence offering an opportunity to engage juvenile offenders into activities and relationships with good role models (Peters Myrick, 2010, p. 33). Scare-straight programs offer an opportunity for the delinquent offenders to work, go to school, or continue with other productive activities hence reducing their attraction to committing another crime (Mulvey, 2011, p. 2). This provision is very necessary because researches indicate that most of the children that become delinquent are brought up by uneducated parents and neighborhoods (Mathur and Schoenfeld, 2010, p. 21-22). This predisposes juvenile offenders to abuse, poor attitude to academics, and drug abuse. My O pinion In my opinion, the scare-straight program was a good program to use in deterring juvenile offenders. However, the implementation procedure was the cause of its failure. It is worth noting that the program has failed due to poor control and implementation strategies. One cannot expect that, when mature inmates are left to narrate a story on their criminal past and the atrocities of prison, they will do it in a positive light. In most instances, the criminals would want to involve juveniles into becoming people of their caliber. They would show them how to become famous through crimes by indicating that theirs was only an accident that led to their arrest. Such moves would not deter criminal activities by the juveniles: they would in fact promote them. The will of the inmates to guide and counsel the juveniles is also questionable since the juveniles that were exposed to the scare-straight programs became either worse or had no positive attributes. The use of involvement method s like discussions, open forums, and family therapy can be very effective because there is no exposure of the juvenile offender to criminals. In fact, using discussions helps the offender to understand that there are people who care about them. The program also ensures that the juvenile offender is not completely separated from his or her immediate family members and the environment. This provision will enable him or her to open up to those who are close to him or her. The understanding here is that the offender is still part of the society, and he or she cannot be neglected because of his or her past atrocities. It is also a positive message that the society is ready if the victims change their behavior. On the other hand, the use of scareÃ¢â¬âstraight method may end up encouraging delinquency since the juvenile offender is put in a point where he or she can interact with other criminals like him and even the senior criminals in maximum prisons. This case exposes him or her to m ore dangerous role models as they continue narrating their ordeals. It is also worth noting that, when criminals interact, the juvenile offenders are made to view their crimes as the least that one can commit thus making them not remorseful about the crimes they commit since they have met other people who committed worse crimes. Therefore, the scare-straight method of deterring crime is not effective. In fact, it may lead to hardening of juveniles who would have been reformed if the appropriate alternative method was applied. Conclusion In conclusion, the scare-straight program of deterring juvenile offenders is not effective compared to other programs because, as it has been discussed above, various researches have indicated that the juveniles that undergo these programs remain the same, grow worse, or are worse than those juveniles who did not undergo the program. Instead of exposing the juveniles to hardened criminals in maximum prisons for guidance in the name of scaring them, i t would be better to use interactive methods. Such methods like family therapy and discussions may yield better results since the juveniles would be more ready to open up and share their worries. Such methods are also more involving. Juveniles feel that the society is still ready to accept them back when they reform. This provision may completely deter their will to commit a crime again. Reference List Dammer, R., Albanese, J. (2011). Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. Belmont: Wadsworth. Klenowski, M., Bell, K., Dodson, K. (2010). An Empirical Evaluation Of Juvenile Awareness Programs In The United States: Can Juveniles Be Ã¢â¬Å"Scare StraightÃ¢â¬ ?Ã Journal Of Offender Rehabilitation, 49(4), 254-272. Lockwood, B., Harris, W., Mengers, L. (2009). A CJCA White paper: Defining andÃ Measuring Recidivism. London: Routledge. Mathur, R., Schoenfeld, N. (2010). Effective Instructional Practices In Juvenile Justice Facilities. Behavioral Disorders, 36(1), 20-27. Mulvey, E. (2 011). Highlights From Pathway to Desistance: A Longitudinal Study ofÃ Serious Adolescent Offenders. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Nissen, L. (2011). Beyond Scare-Straight-Moving to Programs that Actually Work. Web. Peters, C., Myrick, S. (2010). Juvenile Recidivism-measuring success or Failure: Is there a difference? Corrections Today, 73(1), 32-43. Petrosino, A. (2002). Scared Straight and Other Juvenile Awareness Programs forÃ Preventing Juvenile Delinquency. Campbell: The Campbell Collaboration. Schembri, A. (n.d). Scared Straight Programs: Jail and Detention Tours. Web. Schmalleger, F. (2011). Criminal Justice Today: An introductory Text for The 21stÃ Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Sells, S., Sullivan, I., DeVore, D. (2012). Stopping The Madness: A new Reentry System For Juvenile Corrections. Corrections Today, 74(2), 40-45.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Creative Writing How to Get Started with Creative Writing [+ 9 Exercises] Creative Writing: How to Get Started with Creative Writing [+ 9 Exercises] Creative writing is one of those skills you can eternally get better at.Now, were not saying your creative writing is bad necessarily, but just that if you want to continue to push yourself in this industry, youll need some work.You might not like to face that truth, but it is indeed a truth. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll go into more detail about that in a little bit but every writer out there needs some writing tips to help them get better.And one of the best ways to get better at creative writing is to first learn and understand the craft of it, and then challenge yourself by completing writing exercises.Heres what youll learn about creative writing:What is creative writing?Creative writing topicsElements of creative writingExamples of creative writing9 powerful creative writing exercisesNOTE: We cover everything in this blog post and much more about the writing, marketing, and publishing process in our VIP Fiction Self-Publishing Program. Learn more about it hereWhat is Creative Writing?Creative w riting is a form of writing where creativity is at the forefront of its purpose through using imagination, creativity, and innovation in order to tell a story through strong written visuals with an emotional impact. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s often seen as the opposite of journalistic or academic writing.When it comes to writing, there are many different types. As you already know, all writing does not read in the same way.Creative writing uses senses and emotions in order to create a strong visual in the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s mind whereas other forms of writing typically only leave the reader with facts and information instead of emotional intrigue.Creative Writing TopicsIf youÃ¢â¬â¢re looking for a few creative writing topics to dive into (which youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need if youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to use some of our top writing exercises), we have exactly what you need.These are our top creative writing prompts all compiled for you.Just fill out the form below and your writing prompts will be delivered promptl y! What are the Elements of Creative Writing?In order to get better at creative writing, you have to understand the elements of what makes writing a book great.You canÃ¢â¬â¢t build a car engine without understanding how each part plays a role, right? ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the same case with writing.Here are the elements that make up creative writing and why each is just as important as the other.Unique Plot What differentiates creative writing and other forms of writing the most is the fact that the former always has a plot of some sort and a unique one. Yes, remakes are also considered creative writing, however, most creative writers create their own plot formed by their own unique ideas. Without having a plot, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no story.And without a story, youÃ¢â¬â¢re really just writing facts on paper, much like a journalist.Character development Characters are necessary for creative writing. While you can certainly write a book creatively using the second person point of view (which IÃ¢â ¬â¢ll cover below), you still have to develop the character in order to tell the story.Character development can be defined as the uncovering of who a character is and how they change throughout the duration of your story. From start to end, readers should be able to understand your main characters deeply.Underlying themeAlmost every story out there has an underlying theme or message even if the author didnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily intend for it to. But creative writing needs that theme or message in order to be complete. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s part of the beauty of this form of art. By telling a story, you can also teach lessons.Visual descriptions When youÃ¢â¬â¢re reading a newspaper, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t often read paragraphs of descriptions depicting the surrounding areas of where the events took place. Visual descriptions are largely saved for creative writing.You need them in order to help the reader understand what the surroundings of the characters look like. This pulls readers in and a llows them to imagine themselves in the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ shoes which is the reason people read.Point of view There are a few points of views you can write in. That being said, the two that are most common in creative writing are first person and third person.First Person In this point of view, the narrator is actually the main character. This means that you will read passages including, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ and understand that it is the main character narrating the story.Second Person Most often, this point of view isnÃ¢â¬â¢t used in creative writing, but rather instructional writing like this blog post. When you see the word Ã¢â¬Å"youÃ¢â¬ and the narrator is speaking directly to you, itÃ¢â¬â¢s second person point of view.Third Person Within this point of view are a few different variations. You have third person limited, third person multiple, and third person omniscient. The first is what you typically find.Third person limiteds narrator uses Ã¢â¬Å"he/she/theyÃ¢â¬ wh en speaking about the character youÃ¢â¬â¢re following. They know that characterÃ¢â¬â¢s inner thoughts and feelings but nobody elseÃ¢â¬â¢s. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s much like first person, but instead of the character telling the story, a narrator takes their place.Third person multiple is the same as limited except that the narrator now knows the inner thoughts and feelings of several characters.The last, third person omniscient, is when the narrator still uses Ã¢â¬Å"he/she/theyÃ¢â¬ but has all of the knowledge. They know everything about everyone.Dialogue While non-creative writing can have dialogue (like in interviews), that dialogue is not used in the same way as it is in creative writing. Creative writing (aside from silent films) requires dialogue to support the story.Your characters should interact with one another in order to further the plot and development each other more.Imaginative language Part of what makes creative writing creative is the way you choose to craft the visio n in your mind. And that means creative writing uses more anecdotes, metaphors, similes, figures of speech, and other comparisons in order to paint a vivid image in the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s mind.Emotional appeal All writing can have emotional appeal. However, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the entire goal of creative writing. Your job as a writer is to make people feel how you want them to by telling them a story.Examples of Creative WritingSince creative writing covers such a wide variety of writing, we wanted to break down the different types of creative writing out there to help you make sense of it. You may know that novels are considered creative writing, but what about memoirs?Here are examples of creative writing:NovelsShort storiesPoetryPlaysMemoirs TV show scriptsMovei scriptssongsspeeches9 Creative Writing Exercises to Improve Your WritingWriting is just like any other skill. You have to work at it in order to get better.ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also much like other skills because the more you do it, the stro nger you become in it. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why exercising your creative writing skills is so important.The best authors out there, including Stephen King, recommend writing something every single day. These writing exercises will help you accomplish that and improve your talent immensely.Have you checked out our fiction writing and self-publishing program? Learn more about it here#1 Describe your day with creative writingThis is one of my favorite little exercises to keep my writing sharp and in shape.Just like with missing gym sessions, the less you write, the more of that skill you lose. Hannah Lee Kidder, a very talented author and Youtuber, gave me this writing exercise and I have used it many times.Creative Writing Exercise:All you have to do is sit down and describe your day starting with waking up as if you were writing it about another person. Use your creative writing skills to bring life to even the dullest moments, like showering or brushing your teeth.#2 Description Depict ion If youÃ¢â¬â¢re someone who struggles with writing descriptions or you just want to get better in general, this exercise will help you do just that and quickly.In order to improve your descriptions, you have to write them with a specific intention.With this exercise, the goal is to write your description with the goal of showing the reader as much as you can about your character without ever mentioning them at all.Creative Writing Exercise:For this one, craft a character in your mind. It can be one you already created or a completely new one.Pick 5 key qualities about them you want to highlight within your description. Then, without ever mentioning the character at all, describe either their living room or their bedroom to meet that goal.#3 Edit your old writingBelieve it or not, editing does count as writing and can actually sharpen those creative writing skill more than you think.It can be a little scary to pull up a story you wrote last week or even two years ago and tear it apart. But thatÃ¢â¬â¢s exactly what I want you to do.Check out this video of me editing my old writing in order to replace weak verbs with stronger, better ones to get a taste of what this can look like and how it can help you get better. #4 Voice VariationsOne of my favorite parts of writing is giving unique voices to each character. I believe thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what truly brings them to live. Their dialogue as the power to pull readers in, or push them out of the book completely.Obviously, you want the former.During this creative writing exercise, your focus will be to pick 4 different emotional states and write dialogue and narrative of how your character feels and interprets those feelings.Creative Writing Exercise:For this one, craft a character in your mind. It can be one you already created or a completely new one.Choose your 4 emotional states and get creative. You can choose sadness, anger, happiness, and excitement BUT you can also go a bit further and choose to use drun k, flirty, terrified, and eager.After you have 4 emotional states, write one page of each using dialogue and narrative your character would use.#5 Single SensesCreating strong visuals is one of the most powerful ways to become a great creative writer. In fact, practicing this will help you craft books that really hook readers.This exerciseÃ¢â¬â¢s goal is to help you develop writing the senses in ways that not only make sense, but are also imaginative and unique.#6 Dialogue DestructionDuring this exercise, you will learn a lot about how to shape a scene using entirely dialogue.Now, this isnÃ¢â¬â¢t something youÃ¢â¬â¢ll always do in your writing, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s very important to know how to move a scene forward using dialogue if you need to.This will also help you understand how to show and not tell in creative writing.Creative Writing Exercise:To start, choose a scene you wrote previously that has little to no dialogue, but is still very important.Next, rewrite the entire th ing using dialogue (including dialogue tags and body language descriptions). You will quickly become better at using dialogue to show and not tell.#7 Tell the origin story of the Tooth FairyThis writing exercise will really help you think creatively about something a large part of the world knows about.However, you have to think of a very unique, interesting way of presenting this common idea. The purpose of this is to help you dig deeper within your own story and plot in order to come up with the very best, most unique ideas because that is what will stand out in your book.Creative Writing Exercise:Begin this story like you would any other. Develop who the very first Tooth Fairy is and understand their character. Then, start creating a backstory that coincides with how they ended up becoming the tooth fairy.Write this in full, ending with the Tooth Fairy taking their first tooth.#8 Thematic AtticThis is a fun one! The idea behind this creative writing exercise is to focus on int erpreting themes through story.Since all creative writing has an underlying theme behind it, itÃ¢â¬â¢s really important for you to be able to accurately depict that theme throughout the story youÃ¢â¬â¢re telling.Otherwise, it can get lost. Not knowing the theme can often leave readers feeling unsatisfied and rightfully so.Creative Writing Exercise:For this exercise, pick an overarching theme you want to focus on. This can be anything from equality to the difference between right and wrong.Next, craft a short story with the setting being and do your best to make sure that theme shines throughGet creative! Your attic can even contain a portal to another dimension if you really want it to.#9 Break Language BarriersThis isnÃ¢â¬â¢t quite what you think it is. So no, we will not be creating new languages with this exercise.Instead, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll be working on using unique language to describe very common, everyday occurrences and experiences.One of the beauties of creative writing is that you have the power to change the way someone sees the world. You can make it more appealing and special to them if you know how.This exercise will help you develop the skill of using a unique narrative within your story.Creative Writing Exercise:In this creative writing exercise, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll start by reading. You can read a new book or even some of your old writing.Highlight or copy sentences or paragraphs you think are very common experiences that most everyone in the world knows of. For example: the sunset, brushing your teeth, looking up at the sky.Your job is to rewrite these experiences in the most unique way you can using visuals that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t normally see in writing.HereÃ¢â¬â¢s an example:BEFORE The sun set beyond the trees.AFTER The trees tucked the sun in for the night.[su_box title=Creative Writing Exercise box_color=#112947 title_color=#ffffff radius=0][/su_box]Turn Your Creative Writing Idea into a Novel PUBLISH!Now that youre more ready than ever to produce a high quality book, its time to take action.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Supply chain management - Essay Example ght together a wide range of best practices with downstream and upstream partners, collaborative practices, innovations in demand forecasting, and integrated business planning, as well as research based operation techniques (Green, 2013). UnileverÃ¢â¬â¢s supply chain management can be termed to be a collaborative one. The collaborative supply chain management is effective in the management activities ranging from supplier selection, environmental scanning, monitoring, and auditing and supplier development (partnerships) (Brammer et al. 2012). Both supply and demand repository stages depend on forecasting as the main source of data that determines by the products in demand and availability from the stores. The production stage adopts push technique that is based on aggregate customer demand forecasts to reduce the uncertainty of stock-outs, safety, and effective resource use and cost minimization (Brammer et al. 2012). Consequently, distribution relies on pull technique for all replenishments required by its distributors through the use of customer relationship management. On the other hand, inventory optimization techniques are adopted in the planning and scheduling to determine the quantity and the time frame for production (Nardone & Monahan, 2007). Unilever believes that partnerships in its supply chain management are essential practices because it is a powerful technique to deliver customer experience and value proposition (Unilever, 2012). The main partners include Barry Callebult a main partner in cocoa, Givaudan, The Dow Chemical Company, Metsa Board Corporation, WRI, LEAF, ALPLA, CCL Label, SAP & Accenture and Linfox Logistics. These partners help in business development, world class business support, capacity development, sustainability and business innovation in Unilever (Unilever, 2012). Unilever also aimed to increase its transparency of essential commodity supply chains that is aimed at helping terminate tropica deforestation through its partnership